Which Dog Vaccinations To Get? Why They Are Important?

Which Dog Vaccinations To Get? Why They Are Important?

Dog vaccinations are one of the best ways to ensure your pet has a full and healthy life.

Most state laws require a small number of vaccines to prevent lethal outbreaks that could harm humans and dogs. Other vaccines are optional, their need depending on their exposure and risk of infection.

Dog vaccinations are made similarly to human vaccinations, using a weakened or deadened version of the target virus. Some vaccinations may give your dog some side effects. Otherwise, a vaccine is harmless and promotes the health of your canine.

If you are adopting a dog, check your new pet’s vaccination status and administer the needed boosters as required.

Core Vaccines for your dog

There is a shortlist of vaccines required by most states or where states and pet healthcare workers strongly recommend. These are known as “core vaccines” and include protection against some of the most contagious and dangerous diseases.

These diseases can be very deadly if contracted. Many can cause death within 24-72 hours of symptoms. Vaccines aren’t 100% effective at deterring these infections, but they can dramatically improve the symptoms and decrease the mortality rate.

Rabies

Rabies is an infamous disease that affects mammals' spinal cord and brain. It is most commonly found and spread in the wild by small animals.

It is passed from host to host through saliva. Infected animals will be uncharacteristically aggressive and may exhibit foaming in the mouth. Excessively aggravated animals may bite other animals, spreading the disease through saliva and skin puncture. 

The main symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Excessive drooling or foaming at the mouth
  • Paralysis
  • Severe aggravation or aggression

Since saliva is the primary mode of spreading the infection, rabid animals may also spread the disease by licking other animals or by drinking from and contaminating common water sources.

Even though it is one of the most vicious diseases that can infect your dog, it is 100% preventable with a vaccine. Prioritizing the rabies vaccine is essential for all dog owners.

Canine Hepatitis

Canine Hepatitis is a disease that targets blood-filtering organs such as the liver, kidney, lungs, and spleen. Additionally, some canines may experience other problems with the lining of their blood vessels.

The leading cause of the disease is viral, so pet owners can prevent it through vaccination. If your dog is infected, you may notice symptoms such as:

  • A bloated belly
  • Depression or apathy
  • abdominal pain
  • A loss of appetite
  • Discharge from eyes and nose
  • Jaundiced look to gums and exposed skin

Severe cases of canine hepatitis can cause fever, inflamed glands, seizures, and death. It is essential to vaccinate your dog against this viral disease.

Parvovirus

Parvovirus is a dangerous disease that attacks the digestive tract of your dog’s body. Puppies under four months are the most at risk of the virus’s lethality, but this disease can potentially harm dogs of all ages.

If infected, your dog may experience symptoms like:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Vomiting
  • Bloody diarrhea 
  • Temperature fluctuations

There is no cure for parvovirus. The best any veterinarian will be able to do is keep your dog hydrated through an IV and support the immune system as much as possible while trying to fight off infection. 

The disease can be transmitted through feces and is remarkably resilient to environmental factors, surviving in hot and dry environments for hours or days. It is important to quarantine your dog from other animals to avoid passing this dangerous disease on.

Canine Distemper